Friday, February 6, 2009

The government of India

According to "Wikipedia," the government of India, officially referred to as the "Union Government" and also as "Central Government," was established by the Constitution of India in 1947, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the "Republic of India." It is seated in New Delhi.

India has a parliamentary system of government based largely on that of the United Kingdom (Westminister system.) The legislature is the Parliament. It's bicameral, consisting of two houses: the directly-elected 545 member Lok Sabha ("House of the People"), the lower house, and the 250-member indirectly-elected and appointed Rajya Sabha ("Council of States"), the upper house. The parliament enjoys parliamentary supremacy.

A republic electes its head of state, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. The President of India is elected by an electoral college for a 5 year term. Do you know the difference between the president and prime minister? A prize for the first correct answer . . . .

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